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English Dictionaries

Words have meaning.  Many words have multiple meanings in the English language.  Many words carry emotional weight, generate emotional reactions.  Accurate and effective communication is widely recognized as critical to successful program/project management (P/PM).  While P/PM - specific words, terms and phrases are important, a clear understanding of many other words is also often needed (and should be agreed) by both senders and receivers of project communications.  The English language dictionaries shown below are offered to help improve P/PM communications.


Cambridge Free English Dictionary - Cambridge English combines the experience and expertise of two world-leading departments of the University of Cambridge - Cambridge University Press and Cambridge English Language Assessment. Together, we deliver real-life English language learning, teaching and assessment through world-class research and a profound commitment to delivering educational value for the benefit of society as a whole. Visit http://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/

Macmillan English Dictionary - Macmillan is an internationally recognised publisher of encyclopedias, dictionaries and reference works. The award-winning Macmillan English Dictionary was first published in 2002. Crafted by teams of lexicographers in Britain and the United States, it has as its source a corpus, a database containing millions of examples of English as used around the world. Extensive analysis of this corpus of real spoken and written text, using state-of-the-art software, has allowed the dictionary writers to reveal fresh information about how and when words are used. The dictionary has been regularly updated, and the latest edition, presented free online for the first time, includes a thesaurus, fully integrated into the entries. MacmillanDictionary.com also offers unique treatment of metaphor, showing how many ordinary familiar words and phrases have metaphorical meanings, although we do not usually realise this when we use them. http://www.macmillandictionary.com/us

Merriam-Webster Dictionary and Thesaurus - For more than 150 years, in print and now online, Merriam-Webster has been America's leading and most-trusted provider of language information. Each month, our Web sites offer guidance to more than 40 million visitors. In print, our publications include Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary (among the best-selling books in American history) and newly published dictionaries for English-language learners. All Merriam-Webster products and services are backed by the largest team of professional dictionary editors and writers in America, and one of the largest in the world. Visit http://www.merriam-webster.com/

Oxford English Dictionary - Oxford University has been making dictionaries for more than 150 years.  Today OxfordDictionaries.com focuses on current English and includes all the main current meanings and uses of words, gathered by analysing and monitoring data from the Oxford Corpus. It’s based on our long history of creating the most comprehensive and up-to-date dictionaries, and includes many thousands of new words in regular updates. In August 2015 we supplemented OxfordDictionaries.com by adding more than 80,000 words from the OED for which we have evidence of use since 1950. Many of these words are uncommon, but each may be considered as a part of modern English. http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/us