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Ocean Restoration

While all four oceans have suffered as a result of human consequence for over millennia by now, it has accelerated in the past few decades. Oil spills, toxic wastes, floating plastic and various other factors have all contributed to the pollution of the ocean. Ocean pollution not only hurts the ocean ecosystem but also the human food chain and various economies.  In recent years, initiatives have been launched in various countries to try to restore and protect the oceans.  Where are those programs and projects and how can modern project management contribute to these efforts?  This section of the PM World Library is intended to provide access to a few resources for those who want to learn more or help.


Information about Ocean Pollution

Belchior, C. (2015). When plastics fill our oceans - report deals with plastic pollution in the oceans and measures taken by European Union to tackle it. European Environment Agency, 16 March.  Available online at https://www.eea.europa.eu/articles/when-plastics-fill-our-oceans (Gogate)

Krishnakumar, P.K. (2017). Environmental impacts of marine pollution - effects, challenges and approaches; paper in chapter on Environmental Pollution in book, Mathrubhumi Year Book Plus 2017. Available online at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/312383577_Environmental_impacts_of_marine_pollution-_effects_challenges_and_approaches (Parchuri)


Global Initiatives, Programs, Projects

Blue Nature Alliance - an ambitious global partnership that collaborates with governments, NGOs, Indigenous peoples, and scientists to advance effective large-scale ocean conservation. The Blue Nature Alliance engages locally in new and existing ocean conservation areas to achieve the global target of conserving at least 30% of the ocean by 2030 and to sustainably manage the rest to safeguard the ocean’s biodiversity, build resilience to climate change, and enhance the function and connectivity of the ecosystem. Learn more at https://www.bluenaturealliance.org/

The Ocean Decade - Proclaimed in 2017 by the United Nations General Assembly, the UN Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development (2021-2030) (‘the Ocean Decade’) seeks to stimulate ocean science and knowledge generation to reverse the decline of the state of the ocean system and catalyse new opportunities for sustainable development of this massive marine ecosystem. The vision of the Ocean Decade is ‘the science we need for the ocean we want’. The Ocean Decade provides a convening framework for scientists and stakeholders from diverse sectors to develop the scientific knowledge and the partnerships needed to accelerate and harness advances in ocean science to achieve a better understanding of the ocean system, and deliver science-based solutions to achieve the 2030 Agenda. Learn more at: http://oceandecade.org


Local, National, Regional Initiatives



NOAA Restoration Atlas - Since 1991, the NOAA Restoration Center has supported restoration projects across the United States. Through the Restoration Atlas, visitors can access nearly 30 years’ worth of habitat restoration work—spanning wetlands, rivers, oyster beds, coral reefs, and more. You can view project information by browsing the map or filtering by topics such as location, habitat type, or restoration technique. Learn more at https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/feature-story/explore-thousands-habitat-restoration-projects-noaa-restoration-atlas



Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO (IOC-UNESCO) - The United Nations body responsible for supporting global ocean science and services. Established in 1960, the IOC enables its 150 Member States to work together to protect the health of our shared oceans by coordinating programmes in areas such as ocean observations, tsunami warnings, marine spatial planning and more. Learn more at https://ioc.unesco.org/index.php/

National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) - A U.S. federal agency within the U.S. Department of Commerce. NOAA’s mission is to understand and predict changes in climate, weather, ocean, and coast, to share that knowledge and information with others, and to conserve and manage coastal and marine ecosystems and resources. NOAA’s mission to better understand our natural world and help protect its precious resources extends beyond national borders to monitor global weather and climate, and work with partners around the world. NOAA holds key leadership roles in shaping international ocean, fisheries, climate, space and weather policies. Learn more at https://www.noaa.gov/


Papers, Reports, Studies





Articles, Blogs, Expert Opinions



Educational Multi-Media Lectures, Presentations, Videos




Other Resources



More Coming Soon - Please Check Back

This section of the library is a work in progress.  If you know of good resources to add here, please let us know.  If you are a student and might like to help, consider our research internship.  Click here for information or contact help2@pmworldlibrary.net

This section of the library created 10 January 2018