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Economic Development

It should be obvious to everyone that economic development can provide many countries with resources for addressing acute social problems of every kind.  It is also clear that programs and projects are critical to economic development.  Economic development programs and projects in many parts of the world however can be extremely challenging for many reasons, both basic and more complicated.  This section of the PMWL is intended to provide information that might be useful to those involved in such programs and projects.

General Information



Global Organizations & Initiatives



Regional Information and Initiatives


Odhiambo-Abuya, I. (2021). Toward Re-Humanizing Projects and Project Management in Africa; PM World Journal, Vol. X, Issue II, February. Available online at https://pmworldlibrary.net/wp-content/uploads/2021/01/pmwj102-Feb2021-Abuya-toward-re-humanizing-projects-and-project-management-in-africa.pdf

Mararo, W.M. and Ngahu, S. (2017).  Influence of Mobile Money Services on the Growth of SMEs in Nakuru Town, Kenya. IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, October. Available online at http://www.iosrjournals.org/iosr-jhss/papers/Vol.%2022%20Issue10/Version-11/H2210116472.pdf   (Chebet)

Okereke, O.C. (2019). Required: A Roadmap for the Achievement of a Successful and Sustainable Power Supply in Nigeria; PM World Journal, Vol. VIII, Issue IX, October. Available online at https://pmworldlibrary.net/wp-content/uploads/2019/10/pmwj86-Oct2019-Okereke-roadmap-for-sustainable-power-supply-in-nigeria.pdf

Kenya Vision 2030 - Kenyan government program that aims to transform Kenya into a newly industrializing, middle-income country providing a high quality of life to all its citizens by 2030 in a clean and secure environment. https://vision2030.go.ke/

Advancing socio-economic development through the “Big Four” (2018). The Third Medium Term Plan by the Government of the Republic of Kenya, the third of five plans aimed at achieving the country’s Vision 2030. Vision 2030 is the country’s long-term development blueprint which aims to transform Kenya into an industrialized middle-income country. Read the plan at https://vision2030.go.ke/publication/third-medium-term-plan-2018-2022/  (Ogutu)



Sokang, K. (2018). The Impact of Foreign Direct Investment on the Economic Growth in Cambodia: Empirical Evidence; International Journal of Innovation and Economic Development, Volume 4, Issue 5, December, Pages 31-38. Available online at https://researchleap.com/impact-foreign-direct-investment-economic-growth-cambodia-empirical-evidence/ (Parchuri)



Minelle, F, Pirozzi, M, Quagliarini, A, Apponi, F, Buzzi, D, Brusciotti, F, and Mancone, M (2022). Project, Program and Portfolio Management for the National Recovery and Resilience Plans in the European Union; PM World Journal, Vol. XI, Issue VII, July. Available online at https://pmworldlibrary.net/wp-content/uploads/2022/07/pmwj119-Jul2022-Minelle-Pirozzi-et-al-PPPM-for-EU-National-Recovery-and-Resilience-Plans.pdf


Latin America



Other Information



Webpage created January 2020